GMAT Reading Comprehension is an important question type to master. If you haven’t yet tackled this week’s passage, take a look at it now and take a few minutes to answer the associated questions that we posted. They are the questions you should work through each time you break down a reading comp passage.
Now, let’s talk analysis.
- The TOPIC of this passage, or the broad main idea, is Knowles’s theory of and assumptions about andragogy. GMAT passages don’t contain a lot of filler, so you usually see the gist of the topic emerge in the first paragraph, if not in the first sentence.
- The SCOPE of the passage is a more detailed focus within the topic. In this passage, the scope is the characteristics of adult learners. The bulk of the passage lists and describes the characteristics of adult learners that inform the theory of andragogy.
Once you put in the hard work to know and detect GMAT sentence correction errors, you’re going to catch those mistakes all around you.
A recent example: one of my British friends and I were watching futbol (I’ll go with the Spanish spelling so as to not confuse sports), and I picked up on a weird (but commonly accepted) verb agreement error in futbol journalism—using a plural verb/pronoun to refer to a single team.
If you are referring to a singular entity, regardless of what it contains, is the subject singular or plural? Perhaps a silly question, and here are some perhaps really obvious examples:
The coach is…
The league is…
This team is…
BUT, then, take a look at these actual news stories from the European press:
“Real Madrid have a golden opportunity to open up a huge lead in the Champions League group stage…”
“AC … Read full post
If you need help with your GMAT prep, we’ve got you covered. Now is your chance to see one of our GMAT experts in action, breaking down the GMAT exam and introducing you to proven Kaplan methods and strategies that will allow you to dominate your competition on GMAT Test Day.
If you attended any of the free GMAT practice tests that we held recently, then you’ve already met some of our GMAT experts. What better way to continue your GMAT prep than to attend a free, live, online session that’s focused on introducing you to the most efficient approach to every question type that you’ll see on the GMAT?
Here’s an example of the type of questions you’ll see in our upcoming GMAT Sample Class:
The youngest of 4 children has siblings who are 3, 5, and 8 years older than she is. If the average (arithmetic mean) age … Read full post
As you try the practice GMAT problem below, remember that on Critical Reasoning inference questions you should accept all of the information in the stimulus as true. When you read the answer choices look for an option that must be true based on the stimulus.
Randall: Many of the productions of my plays by amateur theater groups are poorly done, and such interpretations do not provide a true measure of my skills as a dramatist.
Which one of the following can be properly inferred from Randall’s statement?
(A) Some amateur theater groups’ productions of Randall’s plays provide a true measure of his skills as a dramatist.
(B) All amateur theater group productions of Randall’s plays that are not poorly done provide a true measure of his skills as a dramatist.
(C) All of the productions of Randall’s plays by amateur theater groups that do not provide a true … Read full post
Today’s GMAT practice problem is a Critical Reasoning weaken question. Weaken questions are more common than any other question type in the critical reasoning section, so it is essential to be prepared for them. On these problems, identify the conclusion, evidence and assumption and then look for the answer choice that refutes the central assumption.
Increasingly, American businesses requiring customer service phone lines have been utilizing overseas companies that can provide these services at extremely reduced rates. Toll-free calls are routed to countries like India, where low-paid workers have been trained to deal with most of the typical problems consumers have with their credit cards, online services, and computer equipment. Since the companies using these overseas call centers are saving so much money, they will undoubtedly show higher profits than companies that do not.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
(A) There is strong … Read full post
The practice GMAT problem below is an example of a Critical Reasoning bolded statement question. On bolded statement questions with two separate bold statements, determine what role the first bolded statement is playing in the argument, then determine what role the second bolded statement is playing in terms of the first.
Auto Manufacturer: For the past three years, the Micro has been our best-selling car. This year, however, sales of the Micro have been down for two consecutive quarters. Therefore, we are going to make certain features, like leather seats and CD players, standard on the Micro, rather than require buyers to pay extra for them. This will make the Micro more attractive to buyers, thus stimulating sales.
Auto Dealer: Most people who buy the Micro do so because of its low cost. Adding new standard features will raise the base price of the Micro, … Read full post
On the GMAT when you are faced with Critical Reasoning “explain” questions, your task is to identify the two pieces of information that appear to contradict and look for the answer choice that explains why they do not. For practice, try the problem below.
A series of experiments was conducted in which rats of various ages were placed in a series of mazes and timed to see how long it took them to find their way out. In the first set of runs, the younger rats made their way out of the mazes an average of 30 percent faster than the older rats. Three days later, however, when the same rats were placed in the same mazes, the older rats were faster by nearly 40 percent.
Which of the following hypothesis best accounts for the findings of the experiments?
(A) A rat’s sense of smell becomes less acute as … Read full post
The following GMAT sentence correction problem focuses on parallel structure. Remember, items in a list must be formatted in the exact same way in order to be correct on the GMAT.
The threatened railway strike would cause significant inconvenience to the city: not only do thousands of commuters rely on trains to get them to and from work, but also as a connection between other forms of public transportation, such as buses and subways.
(A) not only do thousands of commuters rely on trains to get them to and from work, but also as a connection between
(B) thousands of commuters rely on trains not only to get them to and from work, but also to connect with
(C) thousands of commuters rely not only on trains to get them to and from work, but also as a connection with
(D) not only thousands of commuters going to and … Read full post
The majority of grammatical errors that appear in the sentence correction questions on the GMAT fall into six categories. Today’s question focuses on verb errors; when a verb appears in a sentence correction problem, make sure it is correct in both tense and number.
Wolfgang von Kempelen, an 18th-century Hungarian baron, claimed to have invented a chess-playing automation he called “The Turk”; this mechanical illusion, which was actually operated by a hidden chess master who defeated Napoleon Bonaparte and Benjamin Franklin as well as many other well-known challengers, were destroyed in an 1854 fire.
(A) which was actually operated by a hidden chess master who defeated Napoleon Bonaparte and Benjamin Franklin as well as many other well-known challengers, were
(B) which a hidden chess-master actually operated, defeating Napoleon Bonaparte and Benjamin Franklin as well as many other well-known challengers, were
(C) which was actually operated by a … Read full post
Let’s consider the common category of GMAT Sentence Correction errors often called ‘usage and style.’ These errors are based on accepted usage and tend to deal with word choice and idioms. Because there are no universal rules, you need memorize any idioms you do not already know.
In symbiotic relationships, one organism may live on or inside another, or simply be related to the other by mutual behavior, but all types of symbiosis evolve because both organisms derive a benefit from the other.
(A) both organisms derive a benefit from the other
(B) both organisms derive a benefit from each other
(C) each organism derives a benefit from the other
(D) each organism derives a benefit from one another
(E) the organisms both derive a benefit from each other
The original sentence states, “both organisms derive a benefit from the other.” However, “both” and “from the … Read full post