# GMAT Probability 101, Part 3

January 17, 2011 by

Now that we have looked at how to handle probability problems that deal with independent events, we are going to consider how the GMAT can make these problems more complex.

The main way in which the GMAT will do this, is by asking you the probability of getting “at least” a certain number of a particular outcome rather than the probability of getting “exactly” that number.

This is where an important strategy for advanced probability comes into play.  In any situation, the sum of the probabilities of all possible events will add up to one.  This means that on some GMAT problems, such as the one described above, it will be quicker to find the probability of an event NOT happening and subtracting the result from one, than it would be to find the answer directly.   (You can also think of this as “1 minus the probability of something NOT occuring = probability that it WILL occur”.)

The outcomes that do NOT give us one at “least two heads” are: zero heads and one head. We next need to find the probability of each of these events occurring, add those numbers together and subtract from one.  But to find those probabilities, we need to veer into the realm of combinations, which will be the topic of the next article in this series.  So hold that thought for this question—and stay tuned for our next article!

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